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Research Article  |   March 1986
A Positioning Seat for the Neonate and Infant With High Tone
Author Affiliations
  • At the time of this study, Linda J. Anderson, OTR, was with the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Sinai Hospital of Baltimore. She specialized in the care of infants and neonates in the Intensive Care Nursery and the Special Care Nursery.
  • J. Michael Anderson, MD, is Assistant Chief, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21215
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Features
Research Article   |   March 1986
A Positioning Seat for the Neonate and Infant With High Tone
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1986, Vol. 40, 186-190. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.3.186
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1986, Vol. 40, 186-190. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.3.186
Abstract

Positioning and seating are important for premature and young infants with tonal problems. Positioning with pillows and sandbags, the use of special handling techniques (Bobath’s neural developmental treatment), as well as other specialized approaches, have not proved satisfactory in reducing tone or spasticity in these infants. We developed an adaptive seat designed to reduce extensor tone through proper positioning. This seat has also been helpful in diminishing agitation. Without these benefits, infants are often immobilized in extension and cannot actively explore their environments. Diminution in agitation has also been important in increasing interaction with nurses.