Free
Research Article  |   April 1986
Theories of Motivation in Occupational Therapy: An Overview
Author Affiliations
  • Gerald W. Sharrott, MA, OTR, is Adjunct Instructor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Downey, CA 90242
  • Cynthia Cooper-Fraps, MFA, MA, OTR, is a clinical specialist, Saddleback Hand Clinic, Saddleback Community Hospital, Laguna Hills, CA 92653
Article Information
Features
Research Article   |   April 1986
Theories of Motivation in Occupational Therapy: An Overview
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1986, Vol. 40, 249-257. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.4.249
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1986, Vol. 40, 249-257. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.4.249
Abstract

The motivational theories behind five theoretical approaches in occupational therapy that claim to be generic are explained. With the exception of the occupational behavior approach, the motivational perspectives are only implied features of the following other occupational therapy approaches discussed: object relations analysis, action consequence approach, recapitulation of ontogenesis, and developmental facilitation. These motivational explanations are developed and then applied to a case example. Finally, the occupational therapy approaches are analyzed in terms of the viability of their motivational perspectives to determine their adequacy as generic approaches for the profession.