Free
Research Article  |   July 1986
Effectiveness and Efficiency of Criterion Testing Versus Interviewing for Collecting Functional Assessment Information
Author Affiliations
  • Connie Klein-Parris, MA, OTR, is Coordinator, Occupational Therapy Services, Kennedy Child Study Center, New York, New York 10021
  • Thea Clermont-Michel, MA, OTR, is in private practice on Long Island, New York
  • John O’Neill, PhD, is Coordinator, Rehabilitation Counseling Program, Hunter College, New York, New York
Article Information
Features
Research Article   |   July 1986
Effectiveness and Efficiency of Criterion Testing Versus Interviewing for Collecting Functional Assessment Information
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 1986, Vol. 40, 486-491. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.7.486
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 1986, Vol. 40, 486-491. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.7.486
Abstract

This exploratory study investigated two factors believed to influence the efficiency (cost/time) and effectiveness (accuracy/validity) of functional assessment, client’s level of functioning, and complexity of the skill items. The results show that cost depends on the mode of assessment; criterion testing was found to be more than twice as expensive as interviewing the client’s caretakers. The effectiveness or accuracy of the assessment was found to be enhanced under two sets of circumstances: (a) when clients were functioning at a higher level and (b) when assessment items were less complex. The findings have implications for developing client assessments that are both efficient and effective.