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Research Article  |   September 1986
Organized Activity and the Adaptive Status of Nursing Home Residents
Author Affiliations
  • Marie K. Duellman, MS, OTR, is Rehabilitation Coordinator and Senior Occupational Therapist at Cumberland, A Hospital for Children and Adolescents, New Kent, Virginia 23124
  • At the time of this study, Roann Barris, EdD, OTR, FAOTA, was Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is currently studying architecture at the University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Gary Kielhofner, DrPH, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor and Head, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Associated Health Professions, University of Illinois at Chicago. At the time of this study, he was Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, at Sargent College of Allied Health Professions, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts
Article Information
Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Long-Term Care/Skilled Nursing Facilities / Features
Research Article   |   September 1986
Organized Activity and the Adaptive Status of Nursing Home Residents
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1986, Vol. 40, 618-622. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.9.618
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1986, Vol. 40, 618-622. doi:10.5014/ajot.40.9.618
Abstract

This study examined one aspect of the hypothesis that the environment influences the adaptive status of elderly people. Specifically, it looked at the relationship between the amount of organized activities offered in three nursing homes and 44 residents’ perceptions of their roles in the present and future and their future time perspective. No relationship was found between future time perspective and the amount of activity offered; however, positive relationships existed between present and future roles and the amount of activity. The study supports the premise that when activity is available, individuals are likely to form and maintain images of themselves as actively engaging with their environment.