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Research Article  |   June 1985
Adult Norms for the Box and Block Test of Manual Dexterity
Author Affiliations
  • Virgil Mathiowetz, MS, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of St Catherine, St Paul, MN 55105. He was formerly Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201
  • Gloria Volland, OTR, is Director of Occupational Therapy, River Hills West Health Care Center, Pewaukee, WI 53072
  • Nancy Kashman, OTR, is a staff occupational therapist, Milwaukee County Mental Health Complex, Milwaukee, WI 53266
  • Karen Weber, OTR, is a staff occupational therapist, Sacred Heart Rehabilitation Hospital, Milwaukee, WI 53215
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   June 1985
Adult Norms for the Box and Block Test of Manual Dexterity
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1985, Vol. 39, 386-391. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.6.386
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1985, Vol. 39, 386-391. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.6.386
Abstract

The Box and Block Test, a test of manual dexterity, has been used by occupational therapists and others to evaluate physically handicapped individuals. Because the test lacked normative data for adults, the results of the test have been interpreted subjectively. The purpose of this study was to develop normative data for adults. Test subjects were 628 Normal adults (310 males and 318 females) from the seven-county Milwaukee area. Data on males and females 20 to 94 years old were divided into 12 age groups. Means, standard deviations, standard error, and low and high scores are reported for each five-year age group. These data will enable clinicians to objectively compare a patient’s score to a normal population parameter.