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Research Article  |   November 1985
Wheelchair Cushions for Spinal Cord–Injured Individuals
Author Affiliations
  • Susan Lipton Garber, MA, OTR, is Assistant Director, Department of Occupational Therapy, The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, Houston, TX 77030. She is also Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030
Article Information
Home Accessibility/Environmental Modification / Neurologic Conditions / Spinal Cord Injury / Wound Management / Features
Research Article   |   November 1985
Wheelchair Cushions for Spinal Cord–Injured Individuals
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1985, Vol. 39, 722-725. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.11.722
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1985, Vol. 39, 722-725. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.11.722
Abstract

Pressure sore prevention is a major objective in the rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury. Wheelchair cushions are frequently prescribed to relieve pressure and reduce the risk of pressure sores in this population. In this study, 251 subjects with paraplegia and quadriplegia were evaluated to decide which wheelchair cushions were suitable. Criteria for the comparative evaluation of cushions included not only magnitude and distribution of pressure but also factors such as wheelchair compatibility, ease of transfer, activities, and independence. Although the Roho cushion was prescribed most frequently, it was not recommended for all subjects. This study provides additional evidence that no single cushion is optimal for all people with spinal cord injury. Rather, objective measurements and clinical judgments are essential elements of a complete evaluation.