Research Article  |   November 2014
Updated Systematic Review on Older Adult Community Mobility and Driver Licensing Policies
Author Affiliations
  • Wendy B. Stav, PhD, OTR/L, SCDCM, FAOTA, is Chair and Professor, Nova Southeastern University, 3200 South University Drive, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33328; wendy.stav@nova.edu
Article Information
Community Mobility and Driving / Geriatrics/Productive Aging
Research Article   |   November 2014
Updated Systematic Review on Older Adult Community Mobility and Driver Licensing Policies
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2014, Vol. 68, 681-689. doi:10.5014/ajot.2014.011510
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2014, Vol. 68, 681-689. doi:10.5014/ajot.2014.011510
Abstract

An updated systematic review of literature related to the effects of driver licensing policies, community mobility programs, and driving cessation programs on older adult performance and participation was completed as a part of the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. The results revealed that relicensing policies instituted by states yield inconsistent results in terms of reducing traffic crashes, traffic violations, and traffic-related fatalities. The evidence related to community mobility and driving cessation programs has suggested that programming to support the transition from driving to other modes of mobility can be beneficial for older adults and their family members. In addition, community contexts that are supportive of pedestrian travel significantly increase this mode of mobility. This evidence-based review informs occupational therapy practice and suggests that increased therapeutic attention should be directed toward supportive transitions from driving and sustaining community mobility for optimal engagement and participation.