Research Article  |   November 2014
Validating the Measurement of Executive Functions in an Occupational Context for Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Author Affiliations
  • Adi Stern, MSc, is Occupational Therapist, School of Occupational Therapy, Hadassah and Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 24026, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel 91240, and Occupational Therapist, Department of Adult Psychiatry, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; adi.schleyer@mail.huji.ac.il
  • Adina Maeir, PhD, is Occupational Therapist, School of Occupational Therapy, Hadassah and Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Mental Health
Research Article   |   November 2014
Validating the Measurement of Executive Functions in an Occupational Context for Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2014, Vol. 68, 719-728. doi:10.5014/ajot.2014.012419
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2014, Vol. 68, 719-728. doi:10.5014/ajot.2014.012419
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objectives of this study were to better understand the cognitive profile of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), their occupational performance, and their quality of life (QoL) and to examine the validity of a cognitive–functional evaluation (CFE) battery for these adults.

METHOD. Eighty-one adults with ADHD and 58 without ADHD completed ADHD symptom ratings, the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function–Adult Version, and the Adult ADHD Quality-of-Life Scale. An occupational performance interview was administered to the ADHD group.

RESULTS. A broad range of occupational concerns were reported. We found significant differences between groups on all measures. In the ADHD group, we found medium significant correlations among the measures.

CONCLUSION. Adults with ADHD experience cognitive and functional difficulties in their daily lives associated with QoL. The results support the use of a CFE battery that has been shown to be sensitive and specific for these adults.