Research Article  |   December 2014
Sensory Integration and Praxis Patterns in Children With Autism
Author Affiliations
  • Susanne Smith Roley, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Adjunct Assistant Professor of Clinical Occupational Therapy, Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles; susannesr3@gmail.com
  • Zoe Mailloux, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Jefferson School of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
  • L. Diane Parham, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Occupational Therapy Graduate Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
  • Roseann C. Schaaf, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy, Jefferson School of Health Professions, and Faculty at the Farber Institute for Neuroscience at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Christianne Joy Lane, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Division of Biostatistics, Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
  • Sharon Cermak, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Article Information
Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Sensory Integration and Processing / Children and Youth
Research Article   |   December 2014
Sensory Integration and Praxis Patterns in Children With Autism
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2014, Vol. 69, 6901220010p1-6901220010p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.012476
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2014, Vol. 69, 6901220010p1-6901220010p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.012476
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We sought to characterize sensory integration (SI) and praxis patterns of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discern whether these patterns relate to social participation.

METHOD. We extracted Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT) and Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) scores from clinical records of children with ASD ages 4–11 yr (N = 89) and used SIPT and SPM standard scores to describe SI and praxis patterns. Correlation coefficients were generated to discern relationships among SI and praxis scores and these scores’ associations with SPM Social Participation scores.

RESULTS. Children with ASD showed relative strengths in visual praxis. Marked difficulties were evident in imitation praxis, vestibular bilateral integration, somatosensory perception, and sensory reactivity. SPM Social Participation scores were inversely associated with areas of deficit on SIPT measures.

CONCLUSION. Children with ASD characteristically display strengths in visuopraxis and difficulties with somatopraxis and vestibular functions, which appear to greatly affect participation.