Research Article  |   December 2014
Mental Practice–Triggered Electrical Stimulation in Chronic, Moderate, Upper-Extremity Hemiparesis After Stroke
Author Affiliations
  • Stephen J. Page, PhD, MS, OTR/L, FAHA, FACRM, is Director, Better Rehabilitation and Assessment for Improved Neuro-recovery (B.R.A.I.N.) Laboratory, and Associate Professor, Division of Occupational Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus; stephen.page@osumc.edu
  • Peter Levine, PTA, is Director, Synaps Together, LLC, Cincinnati, OH
  • Valerie Hill, PhD, OTR/L, is Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Article Information
Hand and Upper Extremity / Neurologic Conditions / Stroke / Rehabilitation, Disability, and Participation
Research Article   |   December 2014
Mental Practice–Triggered Electrical Stimulation in Chronic, Moderate, Upper-Extremity Hemiparesis After Stroke
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2014, Vol. 69, 6901290050p1-6901290050p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.014902
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2014, Vol. 69, 6901290050p1-6901290050p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.014902
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. To determine the feasibility and impact of home-based, mental practice–triggered electrical stimulation among stroke survivors exhibiting moderate upper-extremity (UE) impairment.

METHOD. Five participants with moderate, stable UE hemiparesis were administered the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, the Box and Block Test, and the Activities of Daily Living, Hand Function, and overall recovery domains of the Stroke Impact Scale (Version 3). They were then administered an 8-wk regimen consisting of 1 hr of mental practice–triggered electrical stimulation every weekday in their home. At the end of every 2 wk, participants attended supervised stimulation to progress therapeutic exercises and stimulation levels and monitor compliance.

RESULTS. Six instances of device noncompliance were reported. Participants exhibited reduced UE motor impairment and increased UE dexterity and participation in valued activities.

CONCLUSION. The regimen appears feasible and had a substantial impact on UE impairment, dexterity, and participation in valued activities as well as perceptions of recovery.