Research Article  |   February 2015
Comprehensive Social Skills Taxonomy: Development and Application
Author Affiliations
  • Nancy A. Kauffman, EdM, OTR/L, is Private Practitioner, Newtown Square, PA; nancykauffman@verizon.net
  • Moya Kinnealey, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Faculty Emeritus, Occupational Therapy Program, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA; moya.kinnealey@temple.edu
Article Information
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Education of OTs and OTAs / Learning Disabilities / Mental Health / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / School-Based Practice / Children and Youth
Research Article   |   February 2015
Comprehensive Social Skills Taxonomy: Development and Application
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 2015, Vol. 69, 6902220030p1-6902220030p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.013151
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 2015, Vol. 69, 6902220030p1-6902220030p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.013151
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We developed a comprehensive social skills taxonomy based on archived children’s social skill goal sheets, and we applied the taxonomy to 6,897 goals of children in 6 diagnostic categories to explore patterns related to diagnosis.

METHOD. We used a grounded theory approach to code and analyze social skill goals and develop the taxonomy. Multivariate analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc honestly significant difference test were used to analyze differences in social skill needs among diagnostic groups.

RESULTS. We developed a taxonomy of 7 social skill constructs or categories, descriptions, and behavioral indicators. The 7 social skill categories were reflected across 6 diagnostic groups, and differences in social skill needs among groups were identified.

CONCLUSION. This comprehensive taxonomy of social skills can be useful in developing research-based individual, group, or institutional programming to improve social skills.