Research Article  |   June 2015
Factors Affecting Readiness for Low Vision Interventions in Older Adults
Author Affiliations
  • Amanda Jean Mohler, OTD, OTR/L, is Therapist, Healthsouth Rehabilitation, Jonesboro, AR; amohler613@gmail.com
  • Peggy Neufeld, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Research and Community Liaison, St. Louis Naturally Occurring Retirement Community, St. Louis, MO
  • Monica S. Perlmutter, OTD, OTR/L, SCLV, is Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy and Ophthalmology, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
Article Information
Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Vision / Productive Aging
Research Article   |   June 2015
Factors Affecting Readiness for Low Vision Interventions in Older Adults
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 2015, Vol. 69, 6904270020p1-6904270020p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.014241
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 2015, Vol. 69, 6904270020p1-6904270020p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.014241
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We sought to identify factors that facilitate and inhibit readiness for low vision interventions in people with vision loss, conceptualized as readiness for change in the way they perform daily activities.

METHOD. We conducted 10 semistructured interviews with older adults with low vision and analyzed the results using grounded theory concepts.

RESULTS. Themes involving factors that facilitated change included desire to maintain or regain independence, positive attitude, and presence of formal social support. Themes related to barriers to change included limited knowledge of options and activity not a priority. Themes that acted as both barriers and facilitators were informal social support and community resources.

CONCLUSION. This study provides insight into readiness to make changes in behavior and environment in older adults with vision loss. Study findings can help occupational therapy practitioners practice client-centered care more effectively and promote safe and satisfying daily living activity performance in this population.