Research Article  |   September 2015
Effectiveness of Ayres Sensory Integration® and Sensory-Based Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
Author Affiliations
  • Renee Watling, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Visiting Assistant Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA. This work was completed while Dr. Watling was at the University of Washington, Seattle; rwatling@u.washington.edu
  • Sarah Hauer, MOT, OTR/L, is Owner, Summit Pediatric Therapy, Renton, WA
Article Information
Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Evidence-Based Practice / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Sensory Integration and Processing / Special Issue on Autism: Evidence Review
Research Article   |   September 2015
Effectiveness of Ayres Sensory Integration® and Sensory-Based Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 2015, Vol. 69, 6905180030p1-6905180030p12. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.018051
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 2015, Vol. 69, 6905180030p1-6905180030p12. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.018051
Abstract

This systematic review examines the literature published from January 2006 through April 2013 related to the effectiveness of Ayres Sensory Integration® (ASI) and sensory-based interventions (SBIs) within the scope of occupational therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder to improve performance in daily life activities and occupations. Of the 368 abstracts screened, 23 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Moderate evidence was found to support the use of ASI. The results for sensory-based methods were mixed. Recommendations include performing higher level studies with larger samples, using the Fidelity Measure in studies of ASI, and using carefully operationalized definitions and systematic methods in examination of SBIs.