Sandra L. Winkler, Sergio Romero, Emily Prather, Marisa Ramroop, Emmy Slaibe, Matthew Christensen; Innovative Power Wheelchair Control Interface: A Proof-of-Concept Study. Am J Occup Ther 2016;70(2):7002350010p1-7002350010p5. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2016.015750.
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© 2017 American Occupational Therapy Association
Some people without independent mobility are candidates for powered mobility but are unable to use a traditional power wheelchair joystick. This proof-of-concept study tested and further developed an innovative method of driving power wheelchairs for people whose impairments prevent them from operating commercial wheelchair controls. Our concept, Self-referenced Personal Orthotic Omni-purpose Control Interface (SPOOCI), is distinguished by referencing the control sensor not to the wheelchair frame but instead to the adjacent proximal lower-extremity segment via a custom-formed orthosis. Using a descriptive case-series design, we compared the pre–post functional power wheelchair driving skill data of 4 participants, measured by the Power Mobility Program, using descriptive analyses. The intervention consisted of standard-care power wheelchair training during 12 outpatient occupational or physical therapy sessions. All 4 participants who completed the 12-wk intervention improved their functional power wheelchair driving skills using SPOOCI, but only 3 were deemed safe to continue with power wheelchair driving.
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