Research Article  |   April 2016
Effectiveness of Interventions Within the Scope of Occupational Therapy Practice to Improve Motor Function of People With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review
Author Affiliations
  • Pei-Fen J. Chang, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, Texas Woman’s University, Houston; pchang@twu.edu
  • Mary Frances Baxter, PhD, OT, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, Texas Woman’s University, Houston
  • Jenna Rissky, MOT, was Graduate Student, Texas Woman’s University, Houston, at the time of the study
Article Information
Complementary/Alternative Approaches / Evidence-Based Practice / Neurologic Conditions / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Traumatic Brain Injury / Special Issue: Evidence Review
Research Article   |   April 2016
Effectiveness of Interventions Within the Scope of Occupational Therapy Practice to Improve Motor Function of People With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 2016, Vol. 70, 7003180020p1-7003180020p5. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.020867
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 2016, Vol. 70, 7003180020p1-7003180020p5. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.020867
Abstract

After traumatic brain injury (TBI), many people experience significant motor function impairments. To help occupational therapy practitioners make informed decisions in choosing treatment strategies to improve clients’ motor function, we undertook a systematic review and synthesized applicable findings of intervention studies. Of 2,306 articles identified in the literature search, we reviewed 47 full-text articles, of which 16 met approved criteria. We found moderate evidence that various exercise programs increase motor function and limited evidence that people with TBI can benefit from rehabilitation and computer-based programs. We offer implications for practice, education, and research.