Research Article  |   August 2016
Sensory Patterns, Obesity, and Physical Activity Participation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author Affiliations
  • Lisa Mische Lawson, PhD, CTRS, is Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City; Lmische-lawson@kumc.edu
  • Lauren Foster, OTD, OTR/L, Adjunct Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City
Article Information
Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Obesity / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Sensory Integration and Processing / Special Issue: Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 2016
Sensory Patterns, Obesity, and Physical Activity Participation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 2016, Vol. 70, 7005180070p1-7005180070p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.021535
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 2016, Vol. 70, 7005180070p1-7005180070p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.021535
Abstract

Obesity is a public health concern for the population in general and for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) specifically. The purpose of this study was to understand relationships between sensory patterns, obesity, and physical activity engagement of children with ASD (N = 77) sampled from a specialized community-based swimming program. This retrospective correlational study analyzed program data. Results show that almost half (42.2%) of the children were overweight or obese, and sensory avoiding behaviors were related to higher body mass index (BMI). Children participated in few formal and informal physically active recreation activities. Sensory seeking behaviors were associated with increased participation in informal activities, and higher BMI was associated with less participation in both formal and informal activities. Practitioners should consider sensory processing patterns and BMI when developing community-based programs to promote physical activity of children with ASD.