Research Article  |   October 2016
Scoping Review of Self-Regulation: What Are Occupational Therapists Talking About?
Author Affiliations
  • Rose Martini, PhD, OT Reg (Ont), is Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; rose.martini@uottawa.ca
  • Heidi Cramm, PhD, OT Reg (Ont), is Assistant Professor, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
  • Mary Egan, PhD, OT Reg (Ont), is Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • Lindsey Sikora, is Health Sciences Research Liaison Librarian, Health Sciences Library, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Sensory Integration and Processing / Rehabilitation, Disability, and Participation
Research Article   |   October 2016
Scoping Review of Self-Regulation: What Are Occupational Therapists Talking About?
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 2016, Vol. 70, 7006290010p1-7006290010p15. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.020362
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 2016, Vol. 70, 7006290010p1-7006290010p15. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.020362
Abstract

Although the term self-regulation is appearing more frequently in the occupational therapy literature, the extent to which it is consistently conceptualized is not clear. The aim of this scoping review was to examine how the term self-regulation is used by occupational therapists in research and practice literature. A total of 58 publications that included occupational therapy and self-regulation in the title, key words, or abstract were identified. Self-regulation was not explicitly defined by more than half of the authors. Four theoretical orientations seem to guide conceptualization: synactive development, sensory integration, cognitive–behavioral theory, and self-regulation theory. Conceptualization differed according to the population, levels of strategy use, source of strategy implementation, and desired outcomes. A lack of definitional clarity and conceptual consistency of the term self-regulation was noted. Use of an explicit definition in relation to an identified theoretical framework is recommended to promote intra- and interprofessional communication, education, and research.