Suzanne M. Peloquin, Carrie A. Ciro; Population-Centered Life Skills Groups: Perceptions of Satisfaction and Engagement. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(5):594–600. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2013.008425
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
PURPOSE. We examined the satisfaction with and engagement in population-centered life skills groups of women in a residential facility for substance dependence.
METHOD. This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of 561 surveys designed to elicit Likert scale client ratings. Descriptive statistics were used to examine client satisfaction. Differences in client engagement by content focus and activity process were also examined by analyzing the median scores of eight life skills development questions using the Kruskal–Wallis test of medians.
RESULTS. Collectively, 96.8% of those who completed the surveys were satisfied with the living skills groups; 73.3% strongly agreed, and 23.4% agreed. No significant differences (p > .05) were found in the median scores of the engagement responses by either content focus or activity process.
CONCLUSION. Population-centered life skills groups conceptualized within a holistic Person–Environment–Occupation model appear to be satisfactory and engaging interventions for women in recovery.
Occupational therapy life skills groups structured on a PEO model and addressing needs identified by women in recovery are satisfying and engaging interventions.
Recommendations from evidence-based practice in the substance abuse literature integrate well into occupational therapy groups.
Practitioners can honor aims central to client-centered practice within group sessions.
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