Diane L. Smith, Sharon A. Gutman; Health Literacy in Occupational Therapy Practice and Research. Am J Occup Ther 2011;65(4):367-369. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2011.002139.
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Do clients with upper- and lower-extremity disease, injury, or amputation understand how to correctly don orthotic and prosthetic devices, when to use the devices, and how long to use them?
Do clients with cognitive impairment poststroke understand the requirements of a home program such as modified constraint-induced therapy; do they correctly adhere to the wearing conditions of restraint mitts in accordance with intensity and duration? Do caregivers understand the recommendations of such home programs, and do they understand how to implement home programs with the client?
Do elderly clients with memory impairment understand how to use a weekly medication pillbox organizer set up by a home care therapist to take medications as prescribed when they are alone in their own homes?
Do clients with brain injury understand how to use customized memory devices that provide cues for the steps of specific daily activities such as showering or meal preparation? If such devices do not work effectively, do clients understand that they must inform and seek help from the therapist?
Do clients with spinal cord injury understand the need for weight-shifting programs to reduce the risk of pressure ulcers? Are they able to adhere to such recommendations, and if not, why?
Do elderly clients with hip replacement understand and adhere to hip protocol guidelines once discharged from health facilities? What communication barriers prevent clients from carrying out hip protocol guidelines in their own homes?
Can increased signage and posting of personal memorabilia decrease the frequency of wandering and getting lost in residential care facilities for elders with dementia?
Can increased signage and highlighted changes in pavement and ground levels decrease the incidence of falls in senior assisted-living facilities?
Can educational training sessions for staff members about the use of sensory rooms for agitated clients decrease the incidence of aggressive acts in psychiatric inpatient facilities?
Can community home safety education programs for independently living seniors increase the likelihood that seniors can remain in their own residences?
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