Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman; Methodology for the Systematic Reviews on Occupation- and Activity-Based Intervention Related to Productive Aging. Am J Occup Ther 2012;66(3):271–276. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2012.003699
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
Systematic reviews of the literature relevant to community-dwelling older adults are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the four questions that served as the focus for the systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for older adults living in the community. This article includes the background for the reviews; the process followed for each question, including search terms and search strategy; the databases searched; and the methods used to summarize and critically appraise the literature. The final number of articles included in each systematic review; a summary of the results; the strengths and limitations of the findings; and implications for practice, education, and research are presented.
What is the evidence that participation in occupation and activities supports the health of community-dwelling older adults?
What is the evidence for the effect of occupation- and activity-based interventions on the performance of selected instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) for community-dwelling older adults?
What is the evidence for the effect of occupation- and activity-based health management and maintenance interventions on the performance of community-dwelling older adults?
What is the evidence for the effect of home modification and fall prevention interventions and programs on the performance of community-dwelling older adults?
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