Stacey L. Schepens, Marcia E. Braun, Susan L. Murphy; Effect of Tailored Activity Pacing on Self-Perceived Joint Stiffness in Adults With Knee or Hip Osteoarthritis. Am J Occup Ther 2012;66(3):363–367. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2010.004036
Download citation file:
© 2020 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. We examined the effects of a tailored activity-pacing intervention on self-perceived joint stiffness in adults with osteoarthritis (OA).
METHOD. Thirty-two adults with hip or knee OA were randomized to a tailored or general activity-pacing intervention. Participants’ symptoms and physical activity over 5 days were used to tailor activity pacing. The outcome was self-perceived joint stiffness measured at baseline, 4 wk, and 10 wk. A linear mixed regression model was used.
RESULTS. The tailored group significantly improved in stiffness compared with the general group over time. We found a significantly different linear trend between groups (Time × Group, p = .046) in which the tailored group had decreasing stiffness over the three time points, denoting continued improvement. The general group’s stiffness improved from baseline to 4 wk but returned to baseline levels at 10 wk.
CONCLUSION. Tailoring activity pacing may be effective in sustaining improvements in self-perceived joint stiffness in adults with OA.
Self-perceived joint stiffness is an important OA symptom that can be addressed through behavioral strategies.
A tailored, occupational therapist–led, activity-pacing intervention improved self-perceived joint stiffness in adults with OA.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only
For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.