Fiona Graham, Sylvia Rodger, Jenny Ziviani; Effectiveness of Occupational Performance Coaching in Improving Children’s and Mothers’ Performance and Mothers’ Self-Competence. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(1):10–18. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2013.004648
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This study examined the effectiveness of occupational performance coaching in improving children’s and mothers’ occupational performance and mothers’ parenting self-competence.
METHOD. A one-group time-series design was used to evaluate changes in children’s (n = 29) and mothers’ (n = 8) occupational performance at four time points: (1) pre–wait list, (2) preintervention, (3) postintervention, and (4) follow-up.
RESULTS. Significant improvements in occupational performance occurred postintervention for children, F(1, 78) = 153.72, p < .001, η2 = .86, and mothers, F(1, 78) = 153.72, p < .001, η2 = .86, that were maintained 6 wk after intervention. Mothers’ self-competence in parenting also improved, F(1, 72) = 17.36, p < .001, η2 = .42.
CONCLUSION. Findings provide preliminary evidence supporting the effectiveness of occupational performance coaching in improving children’s and mothers’ occupational performance and mothers’ parenting self-competence. Improvements were sustained and appeared to generalize to other areas of performance.
There is preliminary support for the use of OPC when working with mothers toward goals for their children and themselves.
OPC may lead to generalized improvements in children’s performance to other occupations beyond the specific activities or goals addressed during intervention.
The effect of setting goals, as it was used in OPC, should not be underestimated, because the process itself may lead to significant improvements in children’s and parents’ perceived performance.
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