Patricia E. Fingerhut; Life Participation for Parents: A Tool for Family-Centered Occupational Therapy. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(1):37-44. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.005082.
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© 2018 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This study describes the continued development of the Life Participation for Parents (LPP), a measurement tool to facilitate family-centered pediatric practice.
METHOD. LPP questionnaires were completed by 162 parents of children with special needs receiving intervention at 15 pediatric private practice clinics. Results were analyzed to establish instrument reliability and validity.
RESULTS. Good internal consistency (α = .90) and test–retest reliability (r = .89) were established. Construct validity was examined through assessment of internal structure and comparison of the instrument to related variables. A principal components analysis resulted in a two-factor model accounting for 43.81% of the variance. As hypothesized, the LPP correlated only moderately with the Parenting Stress Index–Short Form (r = .54). The variables of child’s diagnoses, age, and time in therapy did not predict parental responses.
CONCLUSION. The LPP is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring satisfaction with parental participation in life occupations.
personal experience of: efficiency (use of time, energy, and resources), effectiveness (extent to which their desired goal was achieved), and satisfaction to self and society (the extent to which they are personally satisfied with the response and the extent to which they believe their social system assesses the response to be satisfactory for the expectations). (p. 222)
Families are interdependent, and intervention with the child can have an important impact on life participation for the entire family, especially the parents. Intervention needs to be designed to meet the needs of the family as well as the child.
The LPP provides an efficient and effective tool for assessment of family issues and provides a vehicle for further dialogue on these issues.
The LPP has the potential to provide valid and reliable measurement of family-centered outcomes.
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