Florence Clark, Daniel J. Park, Janice P. Burke; Dissemination: Bringing Translational Research to Completion. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(2):185-193. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.006148.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
Despite the availability of innovative health care research, a gap exists between research-generated knowledge and the utilization of that knowledge in real-world practice settings. This article examines the transition from research to implementation in the context of the dissemination of A. Jean Ayres’ sensory integration procedures and of the challenges currently facing the University of Southern California Well Elderly Studies research team. Drawing from the emerging field of implementation science, this article discusses how researchers can develop an implementation plan to more easily translate evidence into practice. Such plans should address the intervention’s reach (i.e., its capacity to penetrate into the intended target population), the settings for which it is applicable, the leaders who will encourage practitioner uptake, stakeholder groups, and challenges to dissemination. By taking action to ensure the more effective dissemination of research-generated knowledge, researchers can increase the likelihood that their interventions will lead to improvements in practice and more effective care for consumers.
was at what I would call the height of her game in terms of sensory integration, teaching, and trying to teach the rest of the profession, she was greeted with real hostility. . . . She met with a lot of hostility from people who didn’t want to believe what she was saying. (as quoted in Peters, 2011, p. 256)
They are seen by practitioners as having the potential to apply to large numbers of people.
They are not overly rigid but rather are easily customizable to the specific needs of local settings.
They can be replicated at a reasonable cost.
They do not require highly specialized training to consistently administer. (Glasgow et al., 2003)
The reach of the intervention
The kinds of settings for which it is applicable
Who its transformational leaders will be
What groups constitute its stakeholders
What challenges will emerge to its infusion into the mindlines of occupational therapy practitioners.
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