Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann, Annie McCluskey, Nicole Coghlan, Leigh Tooth; Systematic Reviews Informing Occupational Therapy. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(3):345-354. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.005819.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. We sought to identify and describe the number, topics, and publishing trends of systematic reviews relevant to occupational therapy indexed in the OTseeker database.
METHOD. We performed a cross-sectional survey of the systematic reviews contained in OTseeker in December 2011.
RESULTS. Of the 1,940 systematic reviews indexed in OTseeker, only 53 (2.7%) were published in occupational therapy journals. The most common diagnostic categories were stroke (n = 195, 10.1%) and affective disorders (n = 204, 10.5%). The most common intervention categories were consumer education (n = 644, 33.2%) and psychosocial techniques (n = 571, 29.4%). Only 390 (20.1%) of the 1,940 systematic reviews specifically involved occupational therapy.
CONCLUSION. Occupational therapists need to search broadly to locate relevant systematic reviews or, alternatively, to use databases such as OTseeker. Clarity about the involvement of occupational therapy in reports of future research will improve the ability to identify occupational therapy research for all stakeholders. Finally, occupational therapy practitioners need to read systematic reviews critically to determine whether review conclusions are justified.
Date of publication: We allocated reviews into 5-yr periods starting from 1980.
Type of analyses reported: We searched the abstracts and titles of the systematic reviews to determine whether meta-analytic methods were used and whether reviews included both randomized and nonrandomized studies.
Key sources and journals: We identified the titles of journals and other sources indexed in OTseeker that have published systematic reviews.
Intervention categories: OTseeker has 35 intervention categories—for example, consumer education, behavioral interventions, movement training, and cognition.
Diagnostic categories: OTseeker has 31 diagnostic categories—for example, neurological (e.g., stroke), mental health (e.g., affective disorders), and musculoskeletal (e.g., back or neck) conditions. A full list of the intervention and diagnostic categories used in OTseeker is available at www.otseeker.com/inthelp.aspx.
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