Caroline Umeda, Jean Deitz; Effects of Therapy Cushions on Classroom Behaviors of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Am J Occup Ther 2011;65(2):152-159. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2011.000760.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. We investigated the effects of therapy cushions on the in-seat and on-task behaviors of 2 kindergarten students with autism spectrum disorder during math activities.
METHOD. We used a single-subject A–B–A–B–C design across 2 male participants who used chairs during baseline phases (A) and cushions during intervention phases (B). We included a choice phase (C) to determine participant seating preferences. Social validity was addressed by assessing teacher and participant seating preferences. Data were graphed and visually analyzed for functionally relevant changes between phases.
RESULTS. No clinically relevant changes in the in-seat or on-task behaviors of either participant were observed with cushion use.
CONCLUSION. Therapy cushions may not impose sufficient postural demands or provide adequate sensory input to produce behavioral changes. Continued research in this area is needed.
The percentage of intervals in which in-seat behavior was observed
The percentage of intervals in which on-task behavior was observed
Students’ seating preferences
Teachers’ seating preferences for students
Teachers’ perceptions of student behavior.
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