Sharon M. Brown, Ruth Humphry, Eve Taylor; A Model of the Nature of Family–Therapist Relationships: Implications for Education. Am J Occup Ther 1997;51(7):597-603. doi: 10.5014/ajot.51.7.597.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
Objectives. The family plays an important role in rehabilitation of persons with chronic disabilities and in supporting their reintegration into the community. To be prepared for family-centered intervention, educators need to frame the content that occupational therapy students must master. The purpose of this study was to develop a hierarchy of occupational therapists’ attitudes about the family’s involvement in services for a family member with special needs.
Method. Participants were 302 occupational therapists who reported some contact with families of clients. Through an open-ended question, participants were asked to indicate the most important outcome of their interactions with their clients’ families.
Results. Analysis of participant responses led to the development of a seven-level hierarchy of family–therapist interactions. The levels are based on the participants’ views of the outcome of family involvement as suggested by their attitudes about a family’s role and abilities. Knowledge and skills needed to work at different levels of the hierarchy are identified.
Conclusion. Recommendations for preparation of entry-level practitioners to work at all levels of the model are discussed.
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