Tara Watts, Karen Stagnitti, Ted Brown; Relationship Between Play and Sensory Processing: A Systematic Review. Am J Occup Ther 2014;68(2):e37-e46. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2014.009787.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. We examined the empirical evidence to answer the research question, What is the relationship between play and sensory processing in children ages 3–12 yr?
METHOD. The PRISMA guidelines were followed to complete a systematic review. Academic databases were searched using play, leisure, sensory processing, and sensory integration as primary search terms. Of 6,230 articles initially identified, 35 full-text articles were screened for eligibility. Of these, 8 met the inclusion criteria.
RESULTS. All 8 studies were conducted within the United States. The evidence of the relationship between play and sensory processing fell mainly into the low levels of evidence: case studies and cohort studies.
CONCLUSION. This review provides occupational therapists with an emerging understanding of the relationship between play and sensory processing based on current evidence and its importance in the occupational development of children. Rigorous research is needed in the area.
Guide therapy focus and the development of intervention through evidence-based practice,
Ensure that children receive the best possible therapy, and
Highlight the importance of play and sensory processing for the development of the child.
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