Janet M. Powell, Elizabeth M. Kanny, Marcia A. Ciol; State of the Occupational Therapy Workforce: Results of a National Study. Am J Occup Ther 2008;62(1):97-105. doi: 10.5014/ajot.62.1.97.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This study determined the current status of the occupational therapy workforce in the United States with a demand-based report using current job data.
METHOD. A 31-question survey was sent to rehabilitation administrators and managers from a proportional random sample of 556 facilities that hire occupational therapy practitioners in 29 states. Data were collected from November 2005 to February 2006 using structured mailing and follow-up procedures.
RESULTS. The response rate was 55%. The vacancy rate was 8.9% for occupational therapists and 7.7% for occupational therapy assistants. Forty-five percent of respondents predicted an increase in occupational therapy positions in the next 2 years, and 30% predicted an increase in occupational therapy assistant positions. Sixty-seven percent reported difficulty hiring occupational therapists, and 62% reported difficulty hiring occupational therapy assistants.
DISCUSSION. This study identifies a serious shortage of occupational therapy practitioners at a time when predictions of workforce demands continue to grow.
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