Hae Yean Park, Kinsuk Maitra, Jacqueline Achon, Evelyn Loyola, María Rincón; Effects of Early Intervention on Mental or Neuromusculoskeletal and Movement-Related Functions in Children Born Low Birthweight or Preterm: A Meta-Analysis. Am J Occup Ther 2014;68(3):268-276. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2014.010371.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the association between early intervention and mental or neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions of children born low birthweight (LBW) or preterm.
METHOD. The meta-analysis included 16 studies that yielded 97 effects. Q and I2 values were used to determine heterogeneity. Publication bias was evaluated using Egger’s regression intercept test and a funnel plot.
RESULTS. The association between early intervention and either mental or neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions yielded a significant but small effect size (d = .219, p < .0001). Heterogeneity was statistically insignificant.
CONCLUSION. Participation in early intervention programs addressing mental or neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions in children born LBW or preterm results in significant improvements in these areas.
Early intervention program and mental function assessments
Early intervention program and neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related function assessments
Both mental and neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions are important components in a child’s development of activities of daily living, academic skills, and social skills that stretch into adolescence.
Early intervention programs are significantly beneficial in improving mental and neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions in children born LBW or preterm.
Early information about children who have mental and movement-related dysfunctions could lead to timely early intervention to minimize mental and movement deficits.
Multidisciplinary early intervention teams should integrate both mental and movement-related aspects when designing early intervention program.
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