Miri Tal-Saban, Asher Ornoy, Shula Parush; Young Adults With Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Longitudinal Study. Am J Occup Ther 2014;68(3):307–316. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2014.009563
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
We conducted a longitudinal study to assess the continuing influence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) on quality of life and participation. Ninety-six participants (25 in the DCD group, 30 in the borderline group, and 41 in the control group) ages 22–29 yr who had been screened for DCD 3–4 yr previously completed the Participation in Every Day Activities of Life, the Life-Satisfaction Questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL–BREF) instrument. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant between-groups difference, F(7, 95) = 2.89, p = .001, η = 0.173, and post hoc analyses revealed that participants in the DCD and borderline groups scored lower overall on participation, quality of life, and life satisfaction. Linear regression found the Psychological Health domain of the WHOQOL–BREF to be a significant predictor of life satisfaction (B = 0.533; p = .001).
I am satisfied with my ability to make and maintain social relationships.
I am able to successfully perform a number of activities at the same time (at home/at work).
I drive independently and without difficulty even in unfamiliar places.
I write with clear and legible handwriting.
I am able to perform various tasks at the necessary pace and within the necessary time frame compared with other people in my environment.
Functional deficits in people with motor difficulties do not necessarily dissipate with age.
Young adults with DCD are less satisfied with their quality of life and satisfaction with life in general and continue to report decreased participation in daily life activities.
People with DCD and borderline DCD appear to experience similar limitations in participation and quality of life, implying that the severity of the diagnosis is not as important as its effect on function.
Because the effects of DCD may not dissipate with age, occupational therapy practitioners may need to include functional and participation assessments and to revamp current intervention methods for young adults.
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