Lena Borell, Margareta Lilja, Gerd Andersson Svidén, Gaynor Sadlo; Occupations and Signs of Reduced Hope: An Explorative Study of Older Adults With Functional Impairments. Am J Occup Ther 2001;55(3):311-316. doi: 10.5014/ajot.55.3.311.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
Objective.The purpose of this explorative study was to uncover and interpret the experiences, values, and meaning of being in daily occupations of older adults with functional impairments.
Method.Interviews were conducted with 21 older adults with disabilities who were between 70 and 92 years of age. The interviews occurred in their home environments; 18 of the 21 participants lived alone. The interviews were analyzed using a constant comparative approach.
Findings.Occupational themes related to participation against the odds, retreat from occupation, the need for an invitation from others, and personal meanings related to capacities for occupation were uncovered.
Conclusions.The findings suggest that the loss of positive belief in enjoyable occupations can be a sign of reduced hope in late life. For occupational therapists, whether an older adult has made a conscious choice to withdraw from occupational life or has too few occupational choices is important to distinguish.
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