Wendy B. Stav, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman; Background and Methodology of the Older Driver Evidence-Based Systematic Literature Review. Am J Occup Ther 2008;62(2):130-135. doi: 10.5014/ajot.62.2.130.
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
In response to demands of health care and community-based systems, occupational therapy practitioners are eager to provide effective services that are client centered, supported by evidence, and delivered in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Findings from the scientific literature provide a source of legitimacy and authority for informing and guiding practice in all areas, including driving and community mobility with older adults. A systematic review examined studies designed to enhance the driving ability, performance, and safety of older adults. This article presents an overview of the methodology used to develop the focused questions related to the person, vehicle, infrastructure, and policy and community mobility; conduct the literature review; and establish quality control. It includes a summary of the evidence and implications of the review for clinical practice, education, and research to ultimately identify interventions effective in supporting older adult participation and engagement in occupation.
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