Louise Bouillon, Barbara Mazer, Isabelle Gelinas; Validity of the Cognitive Behavioral Driver’s Inventory in Predicting Driving Outcome. Am J Occup Ther 2006;60(4):420-427. doi: 10.5014/ajot.60.4.420.
Download citation file:
© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This study seeks to (a) compare Cognitive Behavioral Driver’s Inventory (CBDI) scores for clients who passed and failed a driving evaluation and for diagnostic groups (left cerebrovascular accident [CVA], right CVA, traumatic brain injury [TBI], and cognitive decline); (b) determine sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the CBDI; (c) compare validity of the CBDI with other tools; and (d) identify factors associated with outcome.
PARTICIPANTS. This historical cohort study included clients with neurological conditions who completed a driving evaluation.
MEASURES. CBDI, Motor-Free Visual Perception Test (MVPT), Bells test, and driving results were extracted from the charts.
RESULTS. Mean CBDI (p < 0.0001) and MVPT (p < 0.0001) scores were significantly worse for those failing compared to passing the driving evaluation. Sensitivity of the CBDI was 62%, specificity was 81%, positive predictive values were 73%, and negative predictive values were 71%. Results varied according to diagnostic group.
CONCLUSIONS. The CBDI is not sufficiently predictive of outcome to replace a driving evaluation, and is predictive only for clients with R-CVA and TBI. Evaluation of driving should vary according to diagnosis.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only
For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.