Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz, Mary Egan, Josée Vallerand, Claudia von Zweck; Occupational Therapists’ Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice. Am J Occup Ther 1999;53(5):445-453. doi: 10.5014/ajot.53.5.445.
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© 2018 American Occupational Therapy Association
Occupational therapists are increasingly urged to carry out evidenced-based practice; however, little is known regarding their present practice and perceptions of evidence-based practice. To explore this phenomenon, a qualitative study was completed using a grounded theory approach. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with eight occupational therapists who worked in diverse practice settings. Participants were asked to reflect on their own views of evidence-based practice and their use of evidence in therapy. Data were analyzed inductively using constant comparison analysis. Participants’ perceptions of evidence-based practice were described in three broad categories. To these occupational therapists, evidence-based practice is: (a) a process of looking for understanding; (b) associated with research, and; (c) a potential threat to the occupational therapist. These findings produce a basis from which recommendations are made to increase the use of evidence-based practice by occupational therapists.
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