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Research Article
Issue Date: March 01, 1988
Published Online: June 05, 2014
Updated: June 13, 2018
Analysis of Information Processing and Cognitive Disability Theory
Author Affiliations
  • Mary Ann Mayer, MS, OTR/L, is Senior Therapist at Fuller Memorial Hospital, 231 Washington Street, South Attleboro, Massachusetts 02067
Article Information
Mental Health / Features
Research Article   |   March 01, 1988
Analysis of Information Processing and Cognitive Disability Theory
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1988, Vol. 42, 176-183. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.42.3.176
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1988, Vol. 42, 176-183. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.42.3.176
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Abstract

This study used the information-processing approach to conceptualize planning and problem-solving abilities and to expand the theoretical and empirical data base of Claudia Allen’s cognitive disability model. The congruent validity of the Allen Cognitive Levels (ACL) test as a measure of cognition, specifically of the fluid information-processing abilities that underlie learning, was investigated. Criterion measures used were subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Revised edition (WAIS–R). Forty adult psychiatric patients participated in the study. Spearman r coefficients showed moderately high correlations between the ACL test and the WAIS-R subtests measuring fluid abilities, and Performance scale IQ. These results indicate that Allen’s model and test can be useful in guiding occupational therapy planning when expected outcomes depend on the patient’s learning potential.