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Research Article  |   April 1982
Self-Concept and Functional Independence in the Hospitalized Elderly
Author Affiliations
  • Marlene J. Aitken, M.A.M.S., OTR, is Assistant to Head; Assistant Professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at the Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Article Information
Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Features
Research Article   |   April 1982
Self-Concept and Functional Independence in the Hospitalized Elderly
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1982, Vol. 36, 243-250. doi:10.5014/ajot.36.4.243
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1982, Vol. 36, 243-250. doi:10.5014/ajot.36.4.243
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of various kinds of hospitalization to self-concept and functional independence of 30 hospitalized and 10 nonhospitalized subjects older than 65. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale was used to measure self-concept, and the Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was used to measure functional independence. Self-concept scores differed among the hospitalized groups. Dependent older persons were found to have lower self-concept scores. Encouraging independence in the performance of self-care skills could diminish this problem of poor self-concept.