Marlene J. Aitken; Self-Concept and Functional Independence in the Hospitalized Elderly. Am J Occup Ther 1982;36(4):243–250. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.36.4.243
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of various kinds of hospitalization to self-concept and functional independence of 30 hospitalized and 10 nonhospitalized subjects older than 65. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale was used to measure self-concept, and the Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was used to measure functional independence. Self-concept scores differed among the hospitalized groups. Dependent older persons were found to have lower self-concept scores. Encouraging independence in the performance of self-care skills could diminish this problem of poor self-concept.
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