Free
Research Article  |   April 1985
Quantitative Trends in Occupational Therapy Research: Implications for Practice and Education
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kenneth Ottenbacher, PhD, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison
  • Paul Petersen, PhD, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania
  • Address all correspondence to K. Ottenbacher, 2120 Medical Sciences Center, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706.
Article Information
Features
Research Article   |   April 1985
Quantitative Trends in Occupational Therapy Research: Implications for Practice and Education
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1985, Vol. 39, 240-246. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.4.240
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1985, Vol. 39, 240-246. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.4.240
Abstract

Articles that appeared in The American Journal of Occupational Therapy (vol 27, 1973 and vol 37, 1983) were reviewed and categorized according to the quantitative procedures employed. Data analysis revealed that the proportion of articles reporting no statistical information decreased from 57% in 1973 to 31% in 1983. Conversely, there was a significant increase in articles containing quantitative methods that were categorized as advanced, from 8% (vol 27) to 29% (vol 37). A trend was also revealed toward multiple authorship of articles over the ten-year period. In addition, the senior authors of articles appearing in 1983 were much more likely to possess graduate degrees than were senior authors of articles published in 1973. This paper discusses the implications of the increased use of quantitative procedures in the occupational therapy literature.