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Research Article  |   April 1985
The Frequency of Vestibular Disorders in Developmentally Delayed Preschoolers with Otitis Media
Author Affiliations
  • Roseann C. Schaaf, MEd, OTR, is an instructor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Allied Health Sciences, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107
Article Information
Neurologic Conditions / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Vision / Features
Research Article   |   April 1985
The Frequency of Vestibular Disorders in Developmentally Delayed Preschoolers with Otitis Media
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1985, Vol. 39, 247-252. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.4.247
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1985, Vol. 39, 247-252. doi:10.5014/ajot.39.4.247
Abstract

This study investigated the frequency of vestibular disorders in developmentally disabled preschoolers who did and who did not have a history of otitis media. Fifteen children with a history of otitis media and fifteen children with no history of otitis media were given two tests for vestibular functioning: the Southern California Postrotary Nystagmus Test (SCPNT) and the Lateral Labyrinthine Righting Reaction (LLRR), acting on the head. The scores on these tests were dichotomized, and a correlation between these two tests as measures of vestibular function was obtained. Because this correlation did not reach a satisfactory level, two a satisfactory level, two separate chi-square analyses were performed to examine the frequency of vestibular disorders with otitis media. Both tests showed a statistically significant difference in the incidence of vestibular disorders between the two groups of children; the group having otitis media demonstrated more vestibular disorders. The SCPNT demonstrated more striking results than did LLRR. This finding is related to the two tests measuring different aspects of vestibular functioning; the separate chi-square analyses were performed to examine the frequency of vestibular disorders with otitis media. Both tests showed a statistically significant difference in the incidence of vestibular disorders between the two groups of children; the group having otitis media demonstrated more vestibular disorders. The SCPNT demonstrated more striking results than did LLRR. This finding is related to the two tests measuring different aspects of vestibular functioning; the SCPNT reflects semicircular canal functioning, and the LLRR reflects utricular and saccular functioning. The criteria used for LLRR (four seconds) also may have influenced the results obtained using this test.