Research Article
Issue Date: July 1985
Published Online: July 01, 1985
Updated: April 30, 2020
Wheelchair Cushions: A Historical Review
Author Affiliations
  • Susan Lipton Garber, MA, OTR, is Assistant Director, Occupational Therapy Department, The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, Houston, TX, and Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030
Article Information
Home Accessibility/Environmental Modification / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   July 01, 1985
Wheelchair Cushions: A Historical Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 1985, Vol. 39, 453-459.
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 1985, Vol. 39, 453-459.
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An important objective of occupational therapy practice is to maximize functional potential in patients who have physical disabilities. Pressure sores are a major complication in the medical course of these individuals. Therefore, prevention, or at least the proper management, of these sores becomes an important focus for occupational therapists who treat the physically disabled patient. Occupational therapists often prescribe wheelchair cushions to relieve pressure and reduce the risk of ulceration. Unfortunately, occupational therapy literature offers few articles dealing with this significant problem. This paper presents a historical review of wheelchair cushions and details some of the physiological and clinical research efforts that are the basis of prescription practice today.