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Research Article  |   August 1984
The Effectiveness of Sensory Stimulation for Geropsychiatric Inpatients
Author Affiliations
  • Jane A. Paire, OTR, is a staff therapist, Department of Occupational Therapy, and Ronald J. Karney, PhD, is Assistant Director of Psychology; both at Norristown State Hospital, Norristown, PA 19401
Article Information
Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Mental Health / Features
Research Article   |   August 1984
The Effectiveness of Sensory Stimulation for Geropsychiatric Inpatients
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1984, Vol. 38, 505-509. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.8.505
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1984, Vol. 38, 505-509. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.8.505
Abstract

The objectives of this study were (a) to explore the effectiveness of sensory stimulation therapy under controlled conditions, and (b) to ascertain the short-term effectiveness after treatment ceased. Thirty geropsychiatric patients were divided into three treatment condition groups: sensory stimulation, staff attention, and standard hospital treatment. Twenty-seven subjects completed the 12 weeks of treatment and 6 weeks of follow-up. Assessments were made prior to treatment, upon completion of treatment, and six weeks after treatment was completed. The results showed that those subjects who completed the sensory stimulation treatment significantly improved and maintained their improvement in the areas of personal hygiene and interest in group activities relative to the subjects in the other two treatment approaches studied. Discussion focuses on the implications of sensory stimulation for the treatment of elderly psychiatric patients.