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Research Article  |   August 1984
Effects of Selected Activities on Affective Meaning in Psychiatric Patients
Author Affiliations
  • Ellen R. H. Kremer, MS, OTR/L, is Assistant Director of Occupational Therapy, Haverford State Hospital, Haverford, PA 19041
  • David L. Nelson, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
  • Linda W. Duncombe, MS, OTR, is Assistant Clinical Professor of Occupational Therapy, Sargent College of Allied Health Professions, Boston University, Boston, MA
Article Information
Mental Health / Features
Research Article   |   August 1984
Effects of Selected Activities on Affective Meaning in Psychiatric Patients
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1984, Vol. 38, 522-528. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.8.522
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1984, Vol. 38, 522-528. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.8.522
Abstract

Occupational therapists have used activity analysis to ensure the therapeutic use of activities. Recently, they have begun to explore the affective components of activities. This study explores the feelings (affective responses) that chronic psychiatric patients have toward selected activities commonly used in occupational therapy. Twenty-two participating chronic psychiatric patients were randomly assigned to one of three different activity groups: cooking, craft, or sensory awareness. Immediately following participation, each subject was asked to rate the activity by using Osgood’s semantic differential, which measures the evaluation, power, and action factors of affective meaning. Data analysis revealed significant differences between the cooking activity and the other two activities on the evaluation factor. The fact that the three activities were rated differently is evidence that different activities can elicit different responses in one of the target populations of occupational therapy. The implications of these findings to occupational therapists are discussed and areas of future research are indicated.