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Research Article  |   October 1984
Strategies for Evaluating Clinical Change: Implications for Practice and Research
Author Affiliations
  • Kenneth Ottenbacher, PhD, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, and Jennifer York, MEd, LPT, is a doctoral student, Department of Behavioral Disabilities; both at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706
Article Information
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Research Article   |   October 1984
Strategies for Evaluating Clinical Change: Implications for Practice and Research
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1984, Vol. 38, 647-659. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.10.647
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1984, Vol. 38, 647-659. doi:10.5014/ajot.38.10.647
Abstract

The methods and procedures of evaluation research using single-system or small-N designs are defined and described. Various components of single-system evaluation research, including specifying the problem, measuring and recording the data, selecting an appropriate design, and analyzing the data, are presented and discussed. The argument is made that single-system evaluation research methods are ideally suited to document clinical change on an individual basis and can provide a mechanism for establishing therapeutic accountability. The relationship between single-system evaluation research and the more traditional experimental procedures is briefly explored, and the implications for establishing an empirically derived basis for clinical practice are discussed.