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Research Article  |   October 1982
A Comparison of Dorsal and Volar Resting Hand Splints in the Reduction of Hypertonus
Author Affiliations
  • James J. McPherson, M.S., OTR, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • Deborah Kreimeyer, OTR/L, is Supervisor, Occupational Therapy Department, Mercy Hospital, Mason City, Iowa
  • Marylynn Aalderks, OTR/L, is a clinician, Mercy Hospital, Mason City, Iowa
  • Trese Gallagher, OTR/L, is a clinician, Northern Trails Area Education Agency, Clark Lake, Iowa
Article Information
Splinting / Features
Research Article   |   October 1982
A Comparison of Dorsal and Volar Resting Hand Splints in the Reduction of Hypertonus
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1982, Vol. 36, 664-670. doi:10.5014/ajot.36.10.664
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1982, Vol. 36, 664-670. doi:10.5014/ajot.36.10.664
Abstract

Ten adults with hypertonic wrist flexors volunteered as subjects in an experiment comparing the effectiveness of dorsal and volar resting hand splints in the reduction of abnormal muscle tone. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of five each. Individuals in one group were fitted with dorsal splints, and individuals in a second group with volar splints. Measurements by spring-weighted scales were taken to assess the efficiency of each splint design in the reduction of hypertonus. Results demonstrated no significant differences between the volar and dorsal splints in reducing hypertonus. However, the age of the subjects was found to be an intervening variable: The older subjects of both groups demonstrated a gradual but not significant decline in hypertonus, whereas the younger adults demonstrated a significant decline in hypertonus over a 6-week period.