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Research Article
Issue Date: December 01, 1982
Published Online: July 07, 2014
Updated: June 13, 2018
A Study of Reliability and Validity of a Preschool Play Scale
Author Affiliations
  • Nancy Parry Bledsoe, M.S., OTR, is the Director of Occupational Therapy, Winchester Memorial Hospital, Winchester, Virginia
  • Jayne T. Shepherd, M.S., OTR, is a Staff Occupational Therapist, Sheltering Arms Hospital, Richmond, Virginia
Article Information
School-Based Practice / Features
Research Article   |   December 01, 1982
A Study of Reliability and Validity of a Preschool Play Scale
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 1982, Vol. 36, 783-788. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.36.12.783
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 1982, Vol. 36, 783-788. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.36.12.783
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Abstract

Childhood play is a major arena for development of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that permit productive adult behavior. Occupational therapists must assess and treat play dysfunctions in order to promote normal development. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a play assessment tool, the Preschool Play Scale. Ninety children were observed and rated on the Preschool Play Scale, Lunzer’s Scale of Organization of Play Behavior, and Parten’s Social Play Hierarchy. Data were analyzed using bivariate correlation coefficients. Significant results suggest that the Preschool Play Scale will yield objective, stable, and valid measurements of play for normal preschool children when administered by trained observers. Recommendations for further study of the Preschool Play Scale are given.