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Research Article  |   January 1981
The Modern Family and Rehabilitation of the Handicapped: A Macrosociological View
Author Affiliations
  • Lenore Zisserman, M.A., OTR, is an occupational therapist at the Children’s Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama, and also is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Division of Occupational Therapy, at The University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   January 1981
The Modern Family and Rehabilitation of the Handicapped: A Macrosociological View
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1981, Vol. 35, 13-20. doi:10.5014/ajot.35.1.13
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1981, Vol. 35, 13-20. doi:10.5014/ajot.35.1.13
Abstract

Modernization of society has fundamentally altered the family institution and at the same time has produced a medical institution capable of decreasing the prevalence of infectious diseases, while increasing the prevalence of chronic handicaps. Structural and functional changes in the family resulting from modernization include: smaller size and increased mobility; more women employed outside the home; age segregation and increased longevity of members; higher rates of dissolution; and loss of functions to other institutions in a more specialized society. Changes making the modern family ill-equipped to care for the chronically disabled are discussed, together with implications for rehabilitation.