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Research Article
Issue Date: June 01, 1981
Published Online: July 07, 2014
Updated: June 13, 2018
The Use of Crafts in Occupational Therapy for the Physically Disabled
Author Affiliations
  • Julie Crites Bissell, M.A., OTR, is a therapist in private practice at the Perceptual Motor Center, Orange, California, and a staff therapist with the Anaheim City School District, Anaheim, California
  • Zoe Mailloux, M.A., OTR, is a research assistant to A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., OTR, Torrance, California; an instructor of occupational therapy at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; and a staff therapist at Torrance Memorial Hospital, Torrance, California
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   June 01, 1981
The Use of Crafts in Occupational Therapy for the Physically Disabled
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1981, Vol. 35, 369-374. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.35.6.369
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1981, Vol. 35, 369-374. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.35.6.369
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Abstract

In this article, the historical use of crafts in occupational therapy for the physically disabled patient is reviewed and the results of a survey aimed at describing current craft use is presented. A questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 250 occupational therapists throughout the United States who chose physical disabilities as their specialty section. Results demonstrated that, while most therapists use crafts to some degree in their therapy programs, other treatment modalities such as therapeutic exercise and activities of daily living were used a greater percentage of the time. Reasons for using crafts, problems with justification of craft use, and participation of certified occupational therapy assistants in craft programs are discussed. Questions are raised concerning the role of therapeutic crafts in the past and present practice of occupational therapy for the physically disabled. Recommendations are made for future research.