Free
Research Article  |   March 1980
Community-Based and College-Based Needs Assessment of Physically Disabled Persons
Author Affiliations
  • Sandra E. Burnett, M.A., OTR, Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, University of Southern California, Downey, California
  • Elizabeth J. Yerxa, Ed.D., OTR, Chairperson and Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, University of Southern California, Downey, California
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   March 1980
Community-Based and College-Based Needs Assessment of Physically Disabled Persons
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1980, Vol. 34, 201-207. doi:10.5014/ajot.34.3.201
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 1980, Vol. 34, 201-207. doi:10.5014/ajot.34.3.201
Abstract

A descriptive survey was conducted to determine the self-perceived needs of physically disabled persons as a preliminary step toward establishing or designing a knowledge base for occupational therapy intervention at a community college. Demographic and needs data were statistically compared with those from a sample of nondisabled college students. Significant differences in the confidence to perform cognitive/ problem-solving, social/ recreational, school/ vocational, home and community mobility skills were found, with the disabled reporting lowered or less confidence. Confidence in performing basic activities of daily living was the only area in which the difference was not significant. No significant differences were obtained in general interests except that a higher frequency of disabled reported not wanting to participate in sports. The greatest amounts of interest were in crafts/ fine arts and in social/ recreational activities. Implications were drawn for occupational therapy programming to improve confidence in independent living skills by using the subjects’ predominant interests.