Sarah A. Schoen, Lucy J. Miller, Jillian C. Sullivan; Measurement in Sensory Modulation: The Sensory Processing Scale Assessment. Am J Occup Ther 2014;68(5):522–530. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2014.012377
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© 2021 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. Sensory modulation issues have a significant impact on participation in daily life. Moreover, understanding phenotypic variation in sensory modulation dysfunction is crucial for research related to defining homogeneous groups and for clinical work in guiding treatment planning. We thus evaluated the new Sensory Processing Scale (SPS) Assessment.
METHOD. Research included item development, behavioral scoring system development, test administration, and item analyses to evaluate reliability and validity across sensory domains.
RESULTS. Items with adequate reliability (internal reliability >.4) and discriminant validity (p < .01) were retained. Feedback from the expert panel also contributed to decisions about retaining items in the scale.
CONCLUSION. The SPS Assessment appears to be a reliable and valid measure of sensory modulation (scale reliability >.90; discrimination between group effect sizes >1.00). This scale has the potential to aid in differential diagnosis of sensory modulation issues.
Corroborate findings from informant-based tools;
Provide a comprehensive assessment of the child;
Explore the relation between sensory symptoms and participation in daily life;
Help formulate appropriate interventions; and
Measure outcomes related to sensory modulation.
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