Carole K. Ivey, Shelly J. Lane, Teresa A. May-Benson; Interrater Reliability and Developmental Norms in Preschoolers for the Motor Planning Maze Assessment (MPMA). Am J Occup Ther 2014;68(5):539-545. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2014.012468.
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This study established interrater reliability and preliminary developmental score guidelines for preschool children (ages 3–5 yr) on the Motor Planning Maze Assessment (MPMA). We administered the MPMA to 80 typically developing preschoolers and found age effects for Time, Error, and Total scores for each of three mazes. Five-year-olds obtained lower (better) scores than 4-yr-olds, who scored lower than 3-yr-olds. Older children completed the mazes with significantly fewer errors in significantly less time than younger children. Interrater reliability was excellent on the total MPMA score (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.96) and individual maze scores (0.90–0.98). Results of this study provide evidence that the MPMA can serve as a reliable, objective screening of a preschooler’s ability to plan and execute motor movements. A larger reference population is needed to increase generalizability.
What is the typical performance of preschool children on the MPMA?
Does the MPMA demonstrate age trends or gender differences?
Does the MPMA have adequate interrater reliability?
Occupational therapy practitioners can assess and detect developmental differences in praxis at early ages, including preschool age.
The MPMA may be a quick and reliable way to screen for motor planning problems in preschool-age children.
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